Where do Cherokee Indians live?

The Cherokees were the original residents of the Southeastern States such as Georgia, North and South Carolina, Virginia, Kentucky and Tennesee. In Georgia, they lived in the mountains and valleys of the Blue Ridge Mountains.

How do Cherokee Indian children live?

They do the same things all children do--play with each other, go to school and help around the house. Many Cherokee children enjoy hunting and fishing with their fathers. In the past, Cherokee kids had more chores and less time to play, just like colonial children. In one popular game, Cherokee kids tried to throw a dart through a moving hoop.

What were the Cherokee homes like?

The Cherokee Indians lived in villages, usually located near a river. The Cherokee Indians in Georgia lived in the valleys of the Blue Ridge Mountains. Their towns had 30 to 60 homes in them. Cherokee towns had a large open area for meetings as well as a large, round building which would hold all of the 400-500 people in a town. Cherokee houses were made of rivercane and plaster, with thatched roofs. Their homes were about as strong and warm as log cabins. Cherokee people had 2 homes, one for the summer and one for the winter. Winter homes were smaller and dome shaped to help keep the heat in. Many Cherokee villages had walls around them for protection. Some pictures of Cherokee houses are below.

Grass Houses

Wigwam Homes

What was Cherokee clothing like?

Cherokee men wore breechcloths and leggings. Cherokee women wore wraparound skirts and poncho-style style made out of woven fiber or deerskin. The Cherokees wore moccasins on their feet. After colonization, Cherokee began wearing long braided or beaded jackets, cotton shirts and full skirts decorated with ribbons, feathers, and the calico tear dress. Here are pictures of Cherokee clothing.

What did the Cherokees eat?

The Cherokees were farming people. Cherokee women harvested crops of corn, beans, squash, and sunflowers. They also gathered berries, nuts and fruit to eat. Cherokee men hunted deer, wild turkeys, and small game and fished in the rivers. Cherokee dishes included cornbread, soups, and stews.

What were the Cherokee's weapons and tools?

Cherokee hunters used bows and arrows to shoot and kill animals for food. Fishermen generally used spears and fishing poles. Warriors fired arrows or fought with a melee weapon like a tomahawk or spear. Other important tools used by the Cherokee Indians included stone adzes (hand axes for woodworking), flint knives for skinning animals, wooden hoes for farming, and pots and baskets for storing corn.

How did the Cherokees provide houses and food for their families?

The Cherokee houses were build with nature's resources. Men hunted and gathered sticks, leaves and animal hide to make their houses. Women harvested crops and were in charge of farming, property and family. Men were chiefs and women were land owners.

What are some Cherokee accomplishments?

One of the best-known people in Cherokee history was Sequoyah. Sequoyah was a very brilliant man. Although he did not know how to read or write in any other language, he invented a writing system for Cherokee that is still used today.

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Information from Cherokee Indian Fact Sheet.
Images from Heather LeBlanc, Chestatee Elementary.